how to treat bladder cancer

Contents

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Treatment
  1. Surgery, to remove the cancer cells.
  2. Chemotherapy in the bladder (intravesical chemotherapy), to treat cancers that are confined to the lining of the bladder but have a high risk of recurrence or progression to a higher stage.
May 17, 2021

Medication

Depending on the stage of the cancer and other factors, treatment options for people with bladder cancer can include: Bladder Cancer Surgery Intravesical Therapy for Bladder Cancer Chemotherapy for Bladder Cancer Radiation Therapy for Bladder Cancer Immunotherapy for Bladder Cancer Targeted Therapy Drugs for Bladder Cancer

Procedures

Sep 28, 2021 · Chemotherapy drugs commonly used for bladder cancer include Mutamycin (mitomycin), Gemzar (gemcitabine), or Valstar (valrubicin). 1 Radiation therapy Immunotherapy with a drug such as Opdivo (nivolumab) System-wide chemotherapy Targeted therapy Clinical trials Summary BCG treatment is a form of immunotherapy for non-muscle invasive bladder …

Therapy

Apr 12, 2022 · Radiation therapy is often used as the primary treatment to target localised cancer cells option when surgery isn’t an option. Immunotherapy: to trigger the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells. Surgery: is part of the treatment for most bladder cancers.

Nutrition

Dec 14, 2021 · Chemotherapy is the standard first-line therapy used for metastatic bladder cancer. Systemic chemotherapy is often used as a treatment for any type of cancer that’s spread. Systemic chemotherapy targets cancer throughout the body, rather than one localized area. It works by shrinking, slowing down, or stopping the growth of cancer cells. 7

What is the best cure for bladder cancer?

May 11, 2022 · The following four types of chemotherapy are used to treat individuals with advanced bladder cancer: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (before surgery) Adjuvant chemotherapy (after surgery) Chemoradiation therapy (systemic chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy) Chemotherapy may be used alone as a single treatment option

What is bladder cancer, and how is it treated?

Jan 22, 2022 · Natural remedies are effective supports and go hand-in-hand with traditional medical treatment to treat bladder cancer safely and effectively. Some of the best natural remedies include baking soda, blackstrap molasses, and lemon.

What procedures are used to treat bladder cancer?

May 06, 2021 · Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.

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Is cancer of the bladder curable?

The prognosis depends on the following: The stage of the cancer (whether it is superficial or invasive bladder cancer, and whether it has spread to other places in the body). Bladder cancer in the early stages can often be cured.

What is the most common treatment for bladder cancer?

Transurethral resection (TURBT) is often done first to find out how far the cancer has grown into the bladder wall. Chemotherapy followed by radical cystectomy (removal of the bladder and nearby lymph nodes) is then the standard treatment.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

They tend to grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less like normal bladder cells. These cancers are more likely to grow and spread.

What is the latest treatment for bladder cancer?

Advanced and metastatic bladder cancer treatment A notable new FDA approval in December 2019 was enfortumab vedotin (Padcev), approved for advanced bladder cancer patients who have not responded to chemotherapy or immune checkpoint drugs.

What are the symptoms of stage 1 bladder cancer?

SymptomsBlood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test.Frequent urination.Painful urination.Back pain.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

What are the warning signs of bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and SignsBlood or blood clots in the urine.Pain or burning sensation during urination.Frequent urination.Feeling the need to urinate many times throughout the night.Feeling the need to urinate, but not being able to pass urine.Lower back pain on 1 side of the body.

Where is the first place bladder cancer spreads?

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

How long can you live after bladder removal?

Patients in group 1 achieved a progression-free 5-year survival rate of 77% and an overall survival rate of 63% after 5 years. In group 2 patients achieved a progression-free survival rate of 51% after 5 years and an overall survival rate of 50%.

Can a urologist treat bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer Treatments Bladder cancer may be treated by different members of the cancer care team, including urologists, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists. Treatment options vary depending on how advanced the cancer is and if it has spread to other parts of the body.

Is there a pill for bladder cancer?

Mitomycin-C (available as a generic drug), gemcitabine (Gemzar), docetaxel (Taxotere), and valrubicin (Valstar) are the drugs used most often for intravesical chemotherapy. In 2020, the FDA also approved mitomycin (Jelmyto) for treatment of low-grade upper tract urothelial cancer.

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Can bladder cancer recur after treatment?

Bladder cancer may recur, even after successful treatment. Because of this, people with bladder cancer need follow-up testing for years after successful treatment. What tests you’ll have and how often depends on your type of bladder cancer and how it was treated, among other factors.

How to diagnose bladder cancer?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose bladder cancer may include: Using a scope to examine the inside of your bladder (cystoscopy). To perform cystoscopy, your doctor inserts a small , narrow tube (cystoscope) through your urethra. The cystoscope has a lens that allows your doctor to see the inside of your urethra and bladder, …

Can TURBT be used for bladder cancer?

TURBT can also be used to treat bladder cancer. Examining a urine sample (urine cytology). A sample of your urine is analyzed under a microscope to check for cancer cells in a procedure called urine cytology. Imaging tests.

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What tests can be done to determine if you have bladder cancer?

Tests may include: CT scan.

What is a low grade bladder cancer?

Low-grade bladder cancer. This type of cancer has cells that are closer in appearance and organization to normal cells (well differentiated). A low-grade tumor usually grows more slowly and is less likely to invade the muscular wall of the bladder than is a high-grade tumor. High-grade bladder cancer.

What is the best treatment for cancer?

Radiation therapy, to destroy cancer cells, often as a primary treatment when surgery isn’t an option or isn’t desired. Immunotherapy, to trigger the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells, either in the bladder or throughout the body. Targeted therapy, to treat advanced cancer when other treatments haven’t helped.

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How does radiation therapy help bladder cancer?

Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses beams of powerful energy, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy the cancer cells. Radiation therapy for bladder cancer usually is delivered from a machine that moves around your body, directing the energy beams to precise points.

What is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen. It is shaped like a small balloon and has a muscular wall that allows it to get larger or smaller to store urine made by the kidneys.

What is it called when you have cancer in your bladder?

Cancer that is in the lining of the bladder is called superficial bladder cancer. Cancer that has spread through the lining of the bladder and invades the muscle wall of the bladder or has spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes is called invasive bladder cancer. See the following PDQ summaries for more information:

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Does smoking cause bladder cancer?

Smoking can affect the risk of bladder cancer. Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine and pain during urination. Tests that examine the urine and bladder are used to help diagnose bladder cancer. Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Where is the bladder located?

The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen. It is shaped like a small balloon and has a muscular wall that allows it to get larger or smaller to store urine made by the kidneys. There are two kidneys, one on each side of the backbone, above the waist.

Where does bladder cancer start?

Most bladder cancers begin in the transitional cells. Transitional cell carcinoma can be low- grade or high-grade: Low-grade transitional cell carcinoma often recurs (comes back) after treatment, but rarely spreads into the muscle layer of the bladder or to other parts of the body.

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What happens after bladder cancer diagnosis?

After bladder cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the bladder or to other parts of the body.

What is the process used to find out if cancer has spread within the bladder lining and muscle or to other parts

The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the bladder lining and muscle or to other parts of the body is called staging . The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment. The following tests and procedures may be used in the staging process:

What is the treatment for bladder cancer?

Radiation therapy: for destroying cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used as the primary treatment to target localised cancer cells option when surgery isn’t an option. Immunotherapy: to trigger the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells. Surgery: is part of the treatment for most bladder cancers.

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Is bladder cancer a treatable disease?

Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early-stage tumors, so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.

How many cases of bladder cancer are there in 2019?

Is Bladder Cancer Curable? Every year, there are around 81,400 new cases of bladder cancer, of which nearly 18,000 are fatal. In 2019, around 4.6% of all new cancer cases were bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer among men, and ninth overall.

What is a low grade bladder tumor?

Low-grade bladder tumor: A type of tumor with cells closer in organization and appearance to healthy cells. They typically grow more gradually and are less likely to invade the bladder’s muscular wall than high-grade tumors.

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How long does bladder cancer last?

A particular stage of bladder cancer, for example, may have a 90% five-year relative survival rate. The 90% figure comes from dividing the percentage of people with cancer who are alive after five years by the percentage of people without the disease who are also alive after five years.

Can bladder cancer return?

Even early-stage bladder cancers have a likelihood of returning, so after treatment, you’ll want to continue to see your doctor for follow-up appointments to monitor for recurrence. The types of tests and the frequency of testing depend on the type of cancer and your treatment.

What is a CXbladder test?

Cxbladder is a clinically proven cutting-edge genomic urine test that quickly and accurately detects or rules out bladder cancer in patients presenting with blood in the urine (or hematuria) and those being monitored for recurrence. The test works at a molecular level, measuring five biomarker genes to detect the presence or absence of bladder cancer.

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How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

A number of symptoms serve as warming signs that you may be developing bladder cancer. Some of the most common symptoms include blood in your urine, urine that appears dark brown or yellow or bright red in color, frequent urination, painful urination, back pain, and pelvic pain.

What to do if you have a bladder problem?

But, natural remedies, such as baking soda, blackstrap molasses, and lemon, are important treatment supports .

What is the best way to kill cancer cells?

Some of the best natural remedies include baking soda, blackstrap molasses, and lemon. However, you may also benefit from a treatment known as the Budwig Diet; this is a treatment plan that focuses on feeding your body electron-rich foods to eradicate cancer cells. 1. Baking Soda. Cancer cells thrive in an acidic environment, …

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What is the best way to treat cancer?

Lemon. Lemon contains a potent amount of vitamin C – one of the most effective alternative cancer treatments. Drinking lemon water daily and simply adding lemon juice to any variety of the dishes you eat is an effective way to boost your vitamin C intake and gain beneficial antioxidant effects. 4. Budwig Diet.

When was my hubby diagnosed with bladder cancer?

My hubby was diagnosed with bladder cancer in 2008. He has had four surgeries to remove tumors which includes putting chemo in the bladder. He refuses to have additional chemo and has been in remission for a little over three years.

What is the Budwig diet?

Budwig Diet. Johanna Budwig, a German biochemist, used a special blend of cottage cheese and flax seed oil to treat cancer. The blend must be freshly prepared and a good diet free of processed foods, sugars, and hydrogenated oils must accompany the cottage cheese and flax mixture. To prepare the mixture:

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Is Jay Kordich still alive?

Jay Kordich traveled to New York to see a docotor named Max Gershin and was given juice therapy. Mr Kordich is still alive today and in his ninties. I think it should be against the law for medicine to hide this cure because it is not a drug or surgery. It requires no doctors at all. Juice apples and carrots every day will work and I proved it with one of my relatives that had bladder cancer. He longer has it and is totaly free of the cancer. Just go to you tube and see the videos by Jay Kordich, its a fact and a fact that is costing people life and money to feed a medical system that ignores this simple cure.

What is the treatment for bladder cancer?

Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.

Is bladder cancer treatable?

Thus, bladder cancer, if detected in the early stage is treatable and has higher survival rates. However, if the cancer is detected in the advanced stages, treatment becomes difficult and the survival rate is low.

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How long do people with bladder cancer live?

Overall, 70 to 90 percent of people with localized bladder cancer will live for at least five years or more . The physician calculates this with the help of survival rates. Survival rates indicate the percentage of people who live with a certain type of cancer for a specific time. The physician often uses an overall five-year survival rate.

What is SEER in cancer?

The surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) stages are taken from the SEER database, maintained by the National Cancer Institute. SEER database groups cancers into localized, regional, and distant stages.

What is the difference between high grade and low grade bladder cancer?

Low-grade cancers: Less aggressive cancers have a low chance of becoming high grade and do not require aggressive treatments, such as radiation or bladder removal.

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What is the procedure to remove bladder cancer?

Tumors in the bladder muscle: In case of bladder cancer that has invaded the muscle wall but hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes, the physician recommends radical cystectomy. In this procedure, the physician removes the bladder, nearby lymph nodes and other nearby organs.

What is the first line of treatment for metastatic bladder cancer?

Then, the physician may perform a radical cystectomy to remove cancer that has invaded beyond the bladder wall. Metastatic bladder cancer: Platinum-based chemotherapy is the first line of treatment for this type of bladder cancer.

Diagnosis

Treatment

Clinical Trials

Coping and Support

Medically reviewed by
Dr. Pawan Katti

Your provider will work with you to develop a care plan that may include one or more of these treatment options.

Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.

Medication

Immunotherapy: This therapy helps boost your immune system fight against the cancerous cells.

Atezolizumab . Durvalumab . Avelumab

Chemotherapy: Injection of cancer-fighting medications into the bladder through a catheter to kill the harmful cells.

Gemcitabine/Cisplatin . Methotrexate/ Vinblastine/Doxorubicin/Cisplatin (called MVAC) . Cisplatin/ Methotrexate/Vinblastine (called CMV) . Carboplatin/Paclitaxel . Docetaxel

Procedures

Transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT): An instrument called a resectoscope is inserted into the bladder through the urethra which is used to remove abnormal tissues or tumors.

Cystectomy: Removal of a part of bladder is called as partial cystectomy or complete bladder removal which is called as radical cystectomy.

Therapy

Radiation therapy:High-energy radiation is used to kill the cancer cells.

Nutrition

Foods to eat:

  • Focus on starchy carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, rice or potatoes
  • Whole grains are highly recommended
  • Eat a variety of fruit and vegetables daily
  • Include lean protein such as meat, fish, eggs, beans or pulses
  • Have milk and cheese

Foods to avoid:

  • Eggs, total fat, butter
  • Soft drinks, caffeine, chlorinated surface water, sugar

Specialist to consult

Urologist

Specializes in the urinary tract disease.

Oncologist

Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

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