is bladder cancer and prostate cancer the same



Advanced prostate cancer, also called metastatic cancer, means the cancer has spread to other areas of your body beyond your prostate gland. The most common areas for prostate cancer to spread are your bladder, rectum, and bones. It can also spread to your lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and other body tissues.


Is BPH the same as prostate cancer?

 · The prostate is a gland found only in men, so only men can get prostate cancer. The prostate is just below the bladder and in front of the rectum . The tube that carries pee goes through the prostate. The prostate makes some of the fluid that helps keep the sperm alive and healthy. There are a few types of prostate cancer.

Does BPH always lead to prostate cancer?

Prostate Cancer Incontinence. Prostate cancer is common in men age 65 or older. It occurs when there is an abnormal growth of cells in the prostate gland, which sit just below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. Age, genetics and family history can all affect your chances of getting prostate cancer, as well as eating a diet high in fat.

When does prostate cancer spread to bladder?

The coincidence was as high as 70% for prostate cancers in patients with bladder cancer, and 3.4% for bladder cancers in patients with prostate cancer. Two studies reviewing medical records reported a significant risk of bladder cancer after prostate cancer and of prostate cancer after bladder cancer. Only 1 of 3 cancer registry studies reported a significantly increased risk of …

Is colon cancer and prostate cancer the same thing?

 · Prostate cancer (PC) and bladder cancer (BC) are among the top 10 sites of new cancer cases and deaths in men. According to United States Cancer Statistics, the incidence rates for both BC and PC decreased from 2002 to 2011.


Is prostate cancer related to bladder cancer?

Abstract. A number of studies report a high frequency of double primary cancers of the bladder and prostate. The coincidence was as high as 70% for prostate cancers in patients with bladder cancer, and 3.4% for bladder cancers in patients with prostate cancer.

Does prostate cancer spread to bladder?

Advanced prostate cancer, also called metastatic cancer, means the cancer has spread to other areas of your body beyond your prostate gland. The most common areas for prostate cancer to spread are your bladder, rectum, and bones. It can also spread to your lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and other body tissues.

What stage is prostate cancer that has spread to the bladder?

Stage IV prostate cancer (also called metastatic prostate cancer) has spread outside of the prostate (figure 1). Stage IV cancer can mean that there is spread locally to involve the bladder or rectum, spread to the lymph nodes, or spread to other more distant areas, like the bones.

Is prostate the same as bladder?

The prostate gland makes fluid for semen, while the bladder stores urine. An enlarged prostate, the most common prostate problem in men over 50, can put pressure on your urinary tract and cause bladder problems.

Where is the first place prostate cancer spreads to?

If prostate cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it almost always goes to the bones first. These areas of cancer spread can cause pain and weak bones that might break.

Will a PSA test show bladder cancer?

These cancers were classified into intermediate to high-risk groups, and the prognosis of prostate cancers could be more important than those of the bladder cancers in two cases (50%). We conclude that PSA screening for inpatients with bladder cancer may be useful.

Where does bladder cancer usually spread to?

Not all bladder cancers will spread. But If it does it’s most likely to spread to the structures close to the bladder, such as the ureters, urethra, prostate, vagina, or into the pelvis.

How long does it take for bladder cancer to spread?

As many as 50% of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer may have occult metastases that become clinically apparent within 5 years of initial diagnosis and around 5% will have distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis. Most patients with overt metastatic disease die within 2 years despite chemotherapy.

Where does bladder cancer begin?

Most bladder cancers start in the innermost lining of the bladder, which is called the urothelium or transitional epithelium. As the cancer grows into or through the other layers in the bladder wall, it has a higher stage, becomes more advanced, and can be harder to treat.

Is prostate and bladder connected?

The urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body. The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and it’s expelled with sperm as semen.

What does the prostate have to do with the bladder?

The prostate gland is located just below the bladder in men and surrounds the top portion of the tube that drains urine from the bladder (urethra). The prostate’s primary function is to produce the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm (seminal fluid).

Can prostate grow into bladder?

An enlarged prostate can protrude into the bladder and urinary tract, causing bothersome urinary symptoms. Drugs that are commonly prescribed for treating urinary symptoms in BPH include 5-alpha reductase inhibitors such as dutasteride.


What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in the prostate, a male reproductive gland, begin to grow out of control and develop into cancerous cells. The prostate gland is only found in males and is the gland that creates some of the fluid that is in semen. It is a walnut-sized gland located below …

Is BPH a cancer?

BPH is not cancer but has similar symptoms. Another condition is prostatitis, an inflammation of the prostate gland that occurs from bacterial infection. Roughly half of all men will be affected by prostatitis during their lives.

Where is the prostate gland located?

It is a walnut-sized gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum.


What are the conditions that affect the prostate?

BPH and Other Conditions. There are other conditions that affect the prostate that can have similar symptoms as prostate cancer. Those conditions include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis. BPH is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland caused by aging, testosterone and genetics.

Does BPH cause cancer?

No, BPH will not develop into cancer. BPH is a separate condition. Furthermore, having an enlarged prostate gland does not mean you have cancer or will get cancer. The National Cancer Institute indicates the prostate gland will grow larger with age. The gland starts out the size of a walnut when a man is 20.

Why do men get stones in their prostate?

Prostate stones develop around or in the prostate gland and are caused by blockages due to chronic inflammation or BPH. A study published in the World Journal of Men’s Health indicated, roughly 80% of prostate stones are made of calcium phosphate. The stones are not cancerous.


Does BPH cause urination?

With BPH, the growing prostate narrows the urethra, leads to hypertrophy of the bladder and impedes the proper flow of urine, which is why BPH primarily has urination-focused symptoms. Some patients also have a hard prostate. This is an indicator you have a nodule or tumor.

What is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder. Symptoms include blood in the urine, pain with urination, and low back pain. It is caused when epithelial cells that line the bladder become malignant.

How many people have bladder cancer in 2019?

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men and the 12th most common cancer in women. Around 62,000 men and 19,000 women are diagnosed with bladder cancer in 2019. Between 2012 and 2016 annual rate of new bladder cancer cases decreased by one percent per year.


What is the treatment for bladder cancer?

Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. It may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. Surgical options may include transurethral resection, partial or complete removal of the bladder, or urinary diversion.

Where is the highest rate of bladder cancer?

In 2018, the highest rate of bladder cancer occurred in Southern and Western Europe followed by North America with rates of 15, 13, and 12 cases per 100,000 people. The highest rates of bladder cancer deaths were seen in Northern Africa and Western Asia followed by Southern Europe.

Is blood in urine a sign of bladder cancer?

Blood in the urine is the most common symptom in bladder cancer, and is painless. Visible blood in the urine may be of only short duration, and a urine test may be required to confirm non-visible blood. Between 80 and 90% of people with bladder cancer initially presented with visible blood.


Does smoking cigarettes cause bladder cancer?

Smoking (cigar, pipe, Egyptian waterpipe and smokeless tobacco) in any form increases the risk for bladder cancer. Quitting smoking reduces the risk. Risk of bladder cancer decreases by 30% within 1–4 years and continues to decrease by 60% at 25 years after smoking cessation.

Does opium cause bladder cancer?

Opium consumption increases the risk of bladder cancer by 3-fold and concurrent use of opium and smoking increases the risk of bladder cancer by 5 times compared to the general population. Thirty percent of bladder tumors probably result from occupational exposure in the workplace to carcinogens.

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