what are the causes of bladder cancer

Contents

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Risk factors
  • Smoking. Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes may increase the risk of bladder cancer by causing harmful chemicals to accumulate in the urine. …
  • Increasing age. …
  • Being male. …
  • Exposure to certain chemicals. …
  • Previous cancer treatment. …
  • Chronic bladder inflammation. …
  • Personal or family history of cancer.
May 17, 2021

Symptoms

Some genes control when cells grow, divide into new cells, and die: Genes that help cells grow, divide, and stay alive are called oncogenes. Genes that normally help control cell division, repair mistakes in DNA, or cause cells to die at the right time are called tumor suppressor genes.

Causes

Learn about the risk factors for bladder cancer and what you might be able to do to help lower your risk. … From basic information about cancer and its causes to in-depth information on specific cancer types – including risk factors, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment options – you’ll find it here. Explore Cancer A-Z; Breast …

Prevention

What causes bladder cancer? The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. It occurs when abnormal cells grow and multiply quickly and uncontrollably, …

Complications

The causes of bladder cancer are not fully understood. Researchers have determined that the cancer often develops in the cells that line the bladder, which are known as transitional cells. For unknown reasons, changes occur in the DNA of these …

How dangerous is bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer Causes The main cause of bladder cancer, or most common risk factor in the United States, is smoking. The second group of exposure risk factors include exposures to carcinogens or a history of radiation therapy for another cancer (for example, prostate cancer), or chemotherapy agents, mainly cyclophosphamide.

What are the chances of having bladder cancer?

 · Causes of bladder cancer are often genetic, and risk factors include smoking, chemical exposure, race, age and other variables. Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that occurs when cells in the bladder become abnormal and grow out …

What are the early warning signs of bladder cancer?

2 days ago · occupational or circumstantial exposure to the following substances has been implicated as a cause of bladder cancer; benzidine (dyes manufacturing), 4-aminobiphenyl (rubber industry), 2-naphtylamine (azo dyes manufacturing, foundry fumes, rubber industry, cigarette smoke and cancer research), phenacetin (analgesic), arsenic and chlorinated …

What are the risk factors for bladder cancer?

 · If the DNA present in the cells of the bladder malfunctions, cells go on dividing and growing excessively, and they fail to die at the expected rate. This causes a build-up of cells in the bladder that leads to harmful ( malignant) bladder cancer. What exactly causes bladder cancer is unknown.

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What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

How do you get cancer in the bladder?

While the exact cause of bladder cancer is not known, certain risk factors are linked to the disease, including tobacco smoking and exposure to certain chemicals and gases. Also, people with a family history of bladder cancer have a high risk of developing the disease.

What are the two greatest risk factors for bladder cancer?

Major risk factors include smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, and having a family history of the disease. Learn more about the risk factors for bladder cancer.

Who typically gets bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer occurs mainly in older people. About 9 out of 10 people with this cancer are over the age of 55. The average age of people when they are diagnosed is 73. Overall, the chance men will develop this cancer during their life is about 1 in 27.

What are the 5 warning signs of bladder cancer?

Here are five warning signs to watch for:Blood in the urine (hematuria). This is the most common early symptom of bladder cancer and typically the first sign of bladder cancer that is seen. … UTI-like symptoms. … Unexplained pain. … Decreased appetite. … Postmenopausal uterine bleeding.

What is usually the first symptom of bladder cancer?

In most cases, blood in the urine (called hematuria) is the first sign of bladder cancer. There may be enough blood to change the color of the urine to orange, pink, or, less often, dark red.

How do you prevent bladder cancer?

Can Bladder Cancer Be Prevented?Don’t smoke. Smoking is thought to cause about half of all bladder cancers. … Limit exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace. Workers in industries that use certain organic chemicals have a higher risk of bladder cancer. … Drink plenty of liquids. … Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.

Does coffee cause cancer of the bladder?

In summary, findings from this large meta-analysis of prospective studies suggest that coffee consumption was not significantly associated with long-term risk of bladder cancer. Such a null association was similar for men and women, and was confirmed in never smokers.

Does alcohol cause bladder cancer?

Conclusion: No significant association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer risk was found in the entire population, but there was a linear dose-response relation in those who consume alcohol from liquor or spirits. Alcohol may elevate the risk of bladder cancer in males in a dose-independent way.

Do you feel ill with bladder cancer?

Nausea and vomiting. Burning or pain when you urinate, feeling the need to go often, or blood in urine. Diarrhea. Feeling tired.

Can you live without a bladder?

It can affect your body image, and you may worry about its impact on your relationships and sex life. With enough time, you should be able to do almost everything you did before. Even if you now use a urostomy bag (to collect your urine), you can go back to work, exercise, and swim.

Can bladder cancer be cured?

The prognosis depends on the following: The stage of the cancer (whether it is superficial or invasive bladder cancer, and whether it has spread to other places in the body). Bladder cancer in the early stages can often be cured.

What is the life expectancy of someone with bladder cancer?

5-year relative survival rates for bladder cancerSEER Stage5-year Relative Survival RateIn situ alone Localized96% 70%Regional38%Distant6%All SEER stages combined77%Mar 1, 2022

How can bladder cancer be prevented?

Can Bladder Cancer Be Prevented?Don’t smoke. Smoking is thought to cause about half of all bladder cancers. … Limit exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace. Workers in industries that use certain organic chemicals have a higher risk of bladder cancer. … Drink plenty of liquids. … Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

They tend to grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less like normal bladder cells. These cancers are more likely to grow and spread.

What is the survival rate of bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%.

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How does bladder cancer develop?

Bladder cancer develops when cells in the bladder begin to grow abnormally, forming a tumor in the bladder. Bladder cancer begins when cells in the bladder develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do.

Where does bladder cancer start?

Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine. Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) …

Where is the bladder located?

Your kidneys, located in the rear portion of your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine. Bladder cancer most often begins in …

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Where is urothelial cancer found?

Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can happen in the kidneys and ureters, too, but it’s much more common in the bladder. Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable.

Can bladder cancer come back?

But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include: Blood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test. Frequent urination. Painful urination. Back pain.

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What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is associated with chronic irritation of the bladder — for instance, from an infection or from long-term use of a urinary catheter. Squamous cell bladder cancer is rare in the United States.

Risk Factors

A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Learn more about the risk factors for bladder cancer.

Prevention

There’s no way to completely prevent cancer. But there are things you can do that might help lower your risk. Learn more.

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How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

What Are the Symptoms of Bladder Cancer? 1 Blood in the urine. This is the most common symptom. 2 Having to urinate often. 3 Pain while urinating. 4 Back pain. 5 Pelvic pain.

What is the data visualization tool?

The Data Visualizations tool makes it easy for anyone to explore and use the latest official federal government cancer data from United States Cancer Statistics. It includes the latest cancer data covering the U.S. population.

Where does bladder cancer occur?

Bladder cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ in the body that holds urine. According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 45,000 men and 17,000 women per year are diagnosed with the disease.

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What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Transitional cell carcinoma. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer. It begins in the transitional cells in the inner layer of the bladder. Transitional cells are cells that change shape without becoming damaged when the tissue is stretched.

What is the name of the cancer that starts when glandular cells form in the bladder?

Adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is also a rare cancer in the United States. It begins when glandular cells form in the bladder after long-term bladder irritation and inflammation. Glandular cells are what make up the mucus-secreting glands in the body.

Can bladder cancer cause pain in the urine?

Many people with bladder cancer can have blood in their urine but no pain while urinating. There are a number of symptoms that might indicate bladder cancer like fatigue, weight loss, and bone tenderness, and these can indicate more advanced disease. You should pay particular attention to the following symptoms:

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Does smoking cause bladder cancer?

Smoking increases your risk of bladder cancer. Smoking causes half of all bladder cancers in men and women. The following factors also increase your risk of developing bladder cancer: being older, since the majority of bladder cancers occur in people over the age of 55.

What is the survival rate for bladder cancer?

The five-year survival rate for people with stage 2 bladder cancer is around 63 percent. The five-year survival rate for people with stage 3 bladder cancer is around 46 percent. The five-year survival rate for people with stage 4 bladder cancer is around 15 percent. There are treatments available for all stages.

How long does bladder cancer last?

The five-year survival rate for people with stage 4 bladder cancer is around 15 percent. There are treatments available for all stages. Also, survival rates don’t always tell the whole story and can’t predict your future.

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What causes bladder cancer?

Causes of bladder cancer are often genetic, and risk factors include smoking, chemical exposure, race, age and other variables. Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that occurs when cells in the bladder become abnormal and grow out of control. Types of bladder cancers include:

What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Types of bladder cancers include: Urothelial carcinoma , also known as transitional cell carcinoma (TCC): the most common type of bladder cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma: only about 1% to 2% of bladder cancers are squamous cell …

What causes a swollen bladder?

Chronic bladder irritation and infections. Urinary infections ( UTIs ), kidney and bladder stones, bladder catheters left in place a long time, and other causes of chronic bladder irritation. Schistosomiasis ( bilharziasis ), parasitic worm infection that can get into the bladder.

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What is the procedure for removing the bladder?

Surgical removal of all or part of the bladder (radical or partial cystectomy): for invasive bladder cancer. Reconstructive surgery after radical cystectomy: if the entire bladder is removed, patients need another way to store urine and pass it out of the body.

How long do you live with bladder cancer?

Life expectancy for bladder cancer is often expressed in 5-year survival rates, that is, how many people will be alive 5 years after diagnosis. Bladder cancer 5-year survival rates: In situ (cancer is still confined to the cells in which it initially started and has not spread into any nearby tissue): 96%.

What does it mean when you have blood in your urine?

Blood in the urine ( hematuria) Usually the first sign of bladder cancer . Urine may appear orange, pink, or, less often, dark red. Changes in bladder habits. Bladder irritation. Urinary frequency. Pain or burning during urination. Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when the bladder isn’t full.

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Why does my urine turn red?

Bladder irritation. Urinary frequency. Pain or burning during urination. Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when the bladder isn’t full. Difficulty urinating or having a weak urine stream .

Can you prevent bladder cancer?

There is no sure way to prevent bladder cancer. But you can take certain measures to lower your risk of developing it. These include the following:

Top What Is the Main Cause of Bladder Cancer? Related Articles

Bladder cancer occurs when cancerous cells, often from the lining of the bladder, begin to multiply. Find more information about bladder cancer, the stages of bladder cancer, and available treatment options.

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