what are the signs that bladder cancer has spread

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How does bladder cancer spread?

It can also spread through the lymph system, by traveling through lymph vessels to lymph nodes in different parts of the body. It can also spread through the body’s blood vessels and form tumors in other parts of the body, …

What tests determine if bladder cancer has spread?

What Tests Determine Cancer Spread? When a patient is diagnosed with bladder cancer, healthcare providers may carry out further tests to find out if the bladder cancer cells have spread to other organs or parts of the body. 1,2 Bladder cancer that has spread ( metastasized) is called metastatic bladder cancer. …

Can a retrograde pyelogram detect bladder cancer?

For example, intravenous or retrograde pyelograms are types of x-rays that use a special dye to highlight the organs of the urinary tract. This can make it possible to detect cancer that has spread to the kidneys, ureters, or other parts of the urinary tract. If healthcare providers suspect that the bladder cancer may have spread to …

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What is the first sign of bladder cancer?

The most common first sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, although a variety of other problems with urination may also serve as signals.

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

One or more of these symptoms occur in people with bladder cancer: 3. Burning, pain, or discomfort when you urinate. Having to urinate more frequently than usual during the daytime and/or at night. Having an urge to urinate even when the bladder is not full.

What is advanced bladder cancer?

Advanced bladder cancer is characterized by worsening urinary problems along with systemic symptoms affecting the body as a whole. These include: 3

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Can bladder cancer cause enlarged lymph nodes?

For example, during an abdominal exam, enlarged lymph nodes or an enlarged liver could be a sign of cancer (a number of cancers, in fact, not just bladder). In advanced cases of bladder cancer, a mass in the pelvis may be felt. Also, an abnormal feeling prostate gland may occur if the bladder cancer has spread to the prostate. 5

Can bladder cancer spread to other parts of the body?

If your bladder cancer has spread to other parts of your body—referred to as metastasis —you may have symptoms of advanced disease. These include generalized symptoms like: Pain, too, can be an indication that the tumor has spread, especially pain in the flank area or the area above your pubic bone.

Is bladder cancer irritative or obstructive?

Again, like irritative symptoms, this may be due to something else (like prostate enlargement), but get it evaluated for a proper diagnosis. In general, obstructive symptoms are less common than irritative symptoms in bladder cancer. Examples include: 4.

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Can bladder cancer cause swelling in the legs?

Bladder cancer that has spread to the kidneys may cause kidney functioning problems which can lead to swelling in the legs or feet. Bone pain may develop if a person’s cancer has spread to the bones. Abdominal pain may occur if the cancer has spread to the liver or lymph nodes in the stomach.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

What Are the Most Common Metastatic Bladder Cancer Symptoms? The most common symptoms of bladder cancer involve urinary function, although other complications can occur if the cancer spreads. It’s not uncommon for bladder cancer to metastasize to the lungs, liver or bones.

Can cancer spread to bones?

Cancer that spreads to bones can weaken the bones and make them more prone to breakage . Bone metastases can also be painful, especially at night and during activity.

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Can bladder cancer be diagnosed without a professional?

Without a professional evaluation, it can be difficult to know if the symptoms you’re experiencing are the result of bladder cancer or something else. While it’s important not to panic – most of these issues can be caused by other, less serious conditions – it’s also important to talk with an expert if you notice something out of the ordinary. The earlier that bladder cancer is detected, the more treatment options you’re likely to have.

Can bladder cancer cause pain?

It’s not uncommon for bladder cancer to metasta size to the lungs, liver or bones. This can cause pain and other symptoms in distant parts of the body. In many cases, metastatic bladder cancer also causes general complications such as fatigue and weight loss.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

Listen to surgeon Bernard Bochner discuss some of the most common symptoms of bladder cancer. Blood in the urine (hematuria) is often the most common sign of bladder cancer. There are other symptoms to watch for as well.

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Can blood be seen in urine?

Hematuria often occurs without pain or other urinary symptoms. Blood may not be present in the urine all the time — it may come and go. If blood is not visibly noticeable, it may be detected by a urine test.

Can bladder cancer wake you up at night?

Bladder cancer may wake you up at night with an overwhelming need to urinate.

Can bladder cancer make you uncomfortable?

Bladder cancer may make it uncomfortable to eat or make you feel like you don’t want to eat at all.

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How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include: Blood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test. Frequent urination. Painful urination. Back pain.

How does bladder cancer develop?

Bladder cancer develops when cells in the bladder begin to grow abnormally, forming a tumor in the bladder. Bladder cancer begins when cells in the bladder develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do.

What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is associated with chronic irritation of the bladder — for instance, from an infection or from long-term use of a urinary catheter. Squamous cell bladder cancer is rare in the United States.

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What type of cancer is a bladder cancer?

Types of bladder cancer include: Urothelial carcinoma. Urothelial carcinoma , previously called transitional cell carcinoma, occurs in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells expand when your bladder is full and contract when your bladder is empty.

Why are men more likely to get bladder cancer than women?

Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women are. Exposure to certain chemicals. Your kidneys play a key role in filtering harmful chemicals from your bloodstream and moving them into your bladder. Because of this, it’s thought that being around certain chemicals may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

Where does bladder cancer start?

Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine. Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) …

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Where is urothelial cancer found?

Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can happen in the kidneys and ureters, too, but it’s much more common in the bladder. Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable.

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

Signs of bladder cancer are problems peeing, pain when peeing, needing to go more often than normal, and seeing blood in your urine

What is the best test to find out if you have bladder cancer?

Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to make pictures of the organs inside your body, like your bladder and kidneys. It can help show the size of a bladder cancer and if it has spread. Bone scan: A bone scan can help show if bladder cancer has spread to the bones. This test is not done unless you have bone pain.

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What is the blue light on a cystoscopy?

Blue light cystoscopy: Sometimes, special drugs are put into the bladder during the exam. Cancer cells soak up these drugs and then glow when the doctor shines a blue light through the scope. This can help the doctor see cancer cells that might have been missed with the normal light.

What tests are done to check for bladder cancer?

This might include a rectal exam, during which a gloved finger is put into your rectum. If you are a woman, a pelvic exam might also be done.

Where does urine go when you pee?

Urine flows through the ureters and into your bladder, where it’s stored. When you urinate (pee), the bladder squeezes the urine out through a tube called the urethra. Bladder cancer usually starts in the lining or inner layer of the bladder wall.

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What is it called when cancer cells spread to other parts of the body?

For instance, cancer cells in the bladder can travel to the bone and grow there. When cancer cells spread, it’s called metastasis . Cancer is always named for the place where it starts.

Where is the bladder located?

The bladder is a hollow organ that stores urine before it leaves your body. It sits in the lowest part of your belly, called your pelvis. Urine is made in your kidneys. Tubes called ureters connect your kidneys to the bladder. Urine flows through the ureters and into your bladder, where it’s stored. When you urinate (pee), the bladder squeezes the urine out through a tube called the urethra.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

Symptoms. Symptoms of advanced bladder cancer depend on which part of the body the cancer has spread to. A common symptom is weight loss. Others can include:

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How to reduce the symptoms of cancer?

Controlling symptoms. Treatments such as surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted cancer drugs or immunotherapy can sometimes shrink the cancer and reduce symptoms. Your doctor or specialist nurse (key worker) can: give you medicines. help you to get equipment that you need.

Can advanced cancer cause aches?

It might not mean that you have advanced cancer if you have these symptoms. They can be caused by other conditions. From time to time you are likely to have aches and pains, or days when you don’t feel very good. This might not be related to your cancer, but you may worry that they are.

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include: tiredness or weakness. pain when urinating. difficulty urinating or inability to urinate. pain in the lower back on one side of the body. weight loss.

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How does bladder cancer work?

It works by slowing down or stopping fast-dividing cancer cells, but it can also affect healthy cells that are dividing quickly. These include cells in the mouth, throat, stomach, and hair.

What happens when bladder cancer is stage 4?

When bladder cancer reaches stage 4, the original tumor has often grown and pushed through the wall of the bladder. Cancer cells may have spread to organs close to the bladder or those further away, such as the liver or lungs.

How many stages of bladder cancer are there?

There are four stages, which people often write using Roman numerals. Stage 4 cancer will sometimes appear in writing as stage IV. Knowing what to expect from stage 4 bladder cancer can help people to make informed decisions about their treatment and care.

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Why is pain important for cancer patients?

Pain relief is an important part of cancer treatment for many people. As pain can differ from person to person, it is important to be as clear as possible when discussing pain with a doctor. This will allow the doctor to prescribe suitable, quick, and effective pain relief.

What is the best treatment for bladder cancer?

Chemotherapy. The most common treatment for stage 4 bladder cancer is chemotherapy, which can slow down the growth of cancer cells or shrink a tumor. This sometimes makes it possible for surgeons to remove part or all of the bladder.

How to help someone with cancer?

Gentle exercise is safe for most people who have cancer, but it is best to check with a doctor for advice first. Walking and swimming do not put much strain on the body and can help to boost mood and reduce tiredness.

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Where does bladder cancer start?

Most bladder cancers start in the urothelium or transitional epithelium. This is the inside lining of the bladder. Transitional cell carcinoma (sometimes also called urothelial carcinoma) is cancer that forms in the cells of the urothelium. Bladder cancer gets worse when it grows into or through other layers of the bladder wall.

How does bladder cancer get worse?

Bladder cancer gets worse when it grows into or through other layers of the bladder wall. Over time, the cancer may grow outside the bladder into tissues close by. Bladder cancer may spread to lymph nodes nearby and farther away. The cancer may reach the bones, the lungs, or the liver and other parts of the body.

How much cancer does MIBC return?

For patients with MIBC, the overall prognosis (how the disease may progress) is dependent on stage and treatment. In patients who have a cystectomy (removing part of or the whole bladder), the cancer return rate can be from 20-30% for stage T2. The cancer return rate can be 40% for T3, greater than 50% for T4 and often higher when lymph nodes are involved. If bladder cancer does come back, it most often will happen within the first two years after bladder surgery.

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What happens when the bladder grows?

When cells of the bladder grow abnormally, they can become bladder cancer. A person with bladder cancer will have one or more tumors in his/her bladder. The bladder is where the body stores urine before it leaves the body. Urine is what we call the liquid waste made by the kidneys.

Why do you need bowel tissue for bladder reconstruction?

Because the surgeon uses tissue from your intestines for bladder reconstruction, you must have enough bowel tissue for a urinary diversion. Before surgery, your surgeon will go over the procedure and the changes you will need to make.

Why does blood in urine mean cancer?

There are a number of reasons why you may have blood in your urine. You may have an infection or kidney stones. Very small amounts of blood might be normal in some people.

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How common is bladder cancer in men?

In the U.S., bladder cancer is the third most common cancer in men. Each year, there are more than 83,000 new cases diagnosed in men and women. About 25% of bladder cancers are MIBC. Bladder cancer is more common as a person grows older. It is found most often in the age group of 75-84. Caucasians are more likely to get bladder cancer than any other ethnicity. But there are more African-Americans who do not survive the disease.

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