what part of the body does bladder cancer generally affect

Contents

What are the early warning signs of bladder cancer?

 · Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body. For instance, cancer cells in the bladder can travel to the bone and grow there. When cancer cells spread, it’s called metastasis. Cancer is always named for the place where it starts. So when bladder cancer spreads to the bone (or any other place), it’s still called bladder cancer.

How many people are affected by bladder cancer?

Diarrhea. Constipation. Sores in the mouth. Loss of hair. Fatigue. Bruising easily or bleeding more due to minor injuries. Increased risk of infections. Before starting treatment with chemotherapy, healthcare providers will talk with patients about the possible side effects they may experience, as well as strategies and treatments that can help …

What are the risks of bladder cancer?

 · Bladder cancer first develops in the inner cellular lining of the bladder. Around 80 percent of cases are non-muscle invasive, meaning the cancer is only in the lining of the bladder, according to Sonpavde. Bladder cancer tends to be caught at this early stage, when blood in the urine is a common symptom.

What medications cause bladder cancer?

A disease of our urinary tract, bladder cancer is highly treatable when caught early but often reoccurs after initial treatment. The bladder, which stores our urine, consists of many layers; as the cancer grows, it penetrates more layers and becomes more difficult treat.

How Does The Doctor Know I Have Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer might cause symptoms such as: 1. Having trouble peeing 2. Feeling pain when peeing 3. Needing to go more often than normal 4. Seeing…

Tests to Look For Bladder Cancer

Your doctor may do other tests to find out more about the cancer. Some of them are:X-ray: Dye is put into a vein for a special x-ray of the kidneys…

How Serious Is My Cancer?

If you have bladder cancer, the doctor will want to find out how far it has spread. This is called staging. Your doctor will want to find out the s…

What Kind of Treatment Will I Need?

There’s more than one way to treat bladder cancer. You might want to get a second opinion about the best treatment plan for you. Doctors may have d…

What Will Happen After Treatment?

You will be glad when treatment is over. But it’s hard not to worry about cancer coming back. Even when cancer never comes back, people still worry…

Where does bladder cancer occur?

Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing uncontrollably in the lining of the bladder, which is the hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. These cancerous cells begin to affect the normal function of the bladder and can spread to surrounding organs.

Can bladder cancer spread to other parts of the body?

In some cases, muscle-invasive bladder cancer can also spread (metastasize) to surrounding organs or other parts of the body. Find a Doctor. Specializing In: Lower Urinary Tract Reconstruction. Urinary Tract Cancer. Bladder Cancer. Endourology. See More. At Another Johns Hopkins Member Hospital:

What is bladder cancer?

Overview. Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing uncontrollably in the lining of the bladder, which is the hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. These cancerous cells begin to affect the normal function of the bladder and can spread to surrounding organs. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer …

How common is bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men, and it is three times more common in men than women.

Is bladder cancer more common in men than women?

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men, and it is three times more common in men than women. There are two types of bladder cancer: Nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer, also called superficial bladder cancer, occurs when cancerous cells are contained in the lining of the bladder and have not invaded the bladder wall.

What percentage of bladder cancer is advanced?

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer occurs when the cancer invades the bladder wall. This is considered advanced stage and represents the other 25 to 30 percent of diagnoses.

What are the possible side effects of chemotherapy treatment?

Systemic chemotherapy includes powerful drugs that can be very effective against cancer cells, but they can also have an effect on healthy cells in the patient’s body. 3 The types of side effects caused by chemotherapy depend on the type of chemotherapy drug the patient is receiving, the dose, and how long the chemotherapy lasts.

Can bladder cancer cause sleep interference and fatigue?

It is not unusual for patients with bladder cancer to experience the symptoms of fatigue and sleep interference. 2 Fatigue is a feeling of tiredness and very low energy that generally does not go away after sleeping or resting.

What appetite changes can occur?

Many patients with bladder cancer experience changes in their appetites. 4 This may include eating less than usual, feeling full after eating a small amount, and/or not feeling hungry at all. These symptoms can have many different causes related to the cancer or to treatments such as chemotherapy.

Can bladder cancer impact sexual function?

It is not uncommon for bladder cancer and its treatments to cause sexual dysfunction in patients. 1 The type of effects that a patient experiences depends in large part on the type of treatment for bladder cancer that the patient receives.

Where does bladder cancer develop?

Bladder cancer first develops in the inner cellular lining of the bladder . Around 80 percent of cases are non-muscle invasive, meaning the cancer is only in the lining of the bladder, according to Sonpavde. Bladder cancer tends to be caught at this early stage, when blood in the urine is a common symptom.

Can bladder cancer be caught in urine?

Bladder cancer tends to be caught at this early stage, when blood in the urine is a common symptom. “Tumors tend to be very vascular; there’s a lot of blood flowing through them,” Sonpavde explains. “Because of that, some tumors bleed and blood may enter the urine.

Is bladder cancer more common in older adults?

Urinary problems are more common among older adults, when incontinence and urinary-tract infections become more prevalent and bladder cancer risk rises. About 9 out of 10 bladder cancer patients are above the age of 55, according to the American Cancer Society.

How common is bladder cancer in men?

Bladder cancer is the fourth-most common cancer in men, who account for around 75 percent of cases.

Is bladder cancer invasive?

Around 80 percent of cases are non-muscle invasive, meaning the cancer is only in the lining of the bladder, according to Sonpavde. Bladder cancer tends to be caught at this early stage, when blood in the urine is a common symptom.

What is the first line of treatment for bladder cancer?

When bladder cancer is detected at this early stage, the first-line treatment is a transurethral resection (TUR), which removes the cancerous cells and preserves the function of the bladder. This can be followed by an induction course of immunotherapy using the drug BCG, a weakened form of tuberculosis bacteria.

How long does it take for chemo to kill bladder cancer?

In patients with bladder cancer in the muscle tissue, chemotherapy is administered intravenously for two to three months before the bladder is removed. This step aims to kill cancer cells that have spread beyond the bladder and to improve the cure rate.

What is bladder cancer?

Questions When Starting a New Treatment for Bladder Cancer. Bladder cancer refers to cancer that begins in the bladder. It is one of the more common forms of cancer. In a given year, there are an estimated 80,0.

Can bladder cancer be caught early?

Bladder cancer may be caught early and might need some minimally invasive procedures that would not require extensive surgery. But if the cancer progresses to a point where invasive surgery is needed, there could be many changes that affect the body.

What is the procedure to remove lymph nodes from bladder?

But if the cancer progresses to a point where invasive surgery is needed, there could be many changes that affect the body. In cases where the entire bladder has to be removed (radical cystectomy), the surgery usually includes removing lymph nodes.

How does removal of the bladder work?

One creates a route from the kidneys to the outside of the body through a tube that has been created from a piece of intestine.

How does urine get to the outside of the body?

The urine then runs through the tube and attaches to a small bag on the outside of the body.

How does urine travel through the kidneys?

One creates a route from the kidneys to the outside of the body through a tube that has been created from a piece of intestine. The urine then runs through the tube and attaches to a small bag on the outside of the body. The other method also uses a piece of intestine to create a small pouch within the body where urine can collect …

How long does a bladder last?

In a healthy urinary system, the bladder can hold up to 16 ounces (approximately 473.2 millilitres) of urine comfortably for 2 to 5 hours.

How are the tissues of the bladder isolated from urine and toxic substances?

The tissues of the bladder are isolated from urine and toxic substances by a coating that discourages bacteria from attaching and growing on the bladder wall. Human Urinary System (Medindia, n.d.)

How often does urine go into the bladder?

About every 10 to 15 seconds, there are small amounts of urine emptied into the bladder from the ureters. The urinary bladder muscle or the detrusor muscle is capable of distending to accept urine without increasing the pressure inside.

What muscles do you use to squeeze urine out of your bladder?

During urination, the brain instructs the detrusor muscles to contract, squeezing urine out of the bladder. Simultaneously, the brain signals the sphincter muscles to relax. Urine from the bladder is voided via the urethra as these muscles relax.

What is the function of the urinary system?

The primary function of the urinary bladder is to store urine by the relaxation and expansion of the bladder’s walls until we are ready to go to the bathroom to empty it by contraction and flattening …

Where does urine travel from the kidneys?

From the kidneys, urine travels down two thin fibromuscular tubes called ureters to the urinary bladder. Muscles in the ureter walls constantly contract and relax, producing a peristaltic movement, force the urine downward away from the kidneys.

Which tube allows urine to pass outside the body?

In females, the urethra (the tube that allows urine to pass outside the body) is separate from the genital tract whereas in males, the vas deferens (tubes which carry sperm from epididymis) empty into the urethra, and the urethra carries both urine and semen to reach the exterior.

Can bladder cancer spread to other organs?

These cancer cells start to affect the normal functioning of the bladder and they can spread to the surrounding organs of the body.

What is the name of the cancer that grows to the center of the bladder?

Papillary carcinoma: Papillary Cancer, which grows thinner like projections, usually grows to the center of the Bladder, and it is known as Non- invasive papillary Cancer. A slow-growing non-invasive papillary does not refer to PUNLMP or urothelial neoplasm of the lower malignant Potential.

What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Superficial Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the Bladder lining, and it will not spread further. The other name for Superficial Bladder Cancer is known as non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer. And it is the most common type of Bladder Cancer, and nearly 75% are new cases of Superficial Bladder Cancer.

What is it called when the bladder is not growing?

Flat carcinoma: it does not grow towards the center of the Bladder but remains in the inner part of the Bladder cells. It is known as flat Cancer in situ (CIS) or non-invasive flat cancer. Either if the cancer cells grow deeper into the bladder, it is called transitional cancer or carcinoma. Nearly 90% of bladder cancer is known as transitional …

What is the cancer that grows deeper into the bladder called?

Either if the cancer cells grow deeper into the bladder, it is called transitional cancer or carcinoma . Nearly 90% of bladder cancer is known as transitional cells cancer or known urothelial cancer. This type of cancer starts in the urothelial cells, which lay inside your Bladder, and the same type of cells can also be found in your urinary tract.

What is the cancer of the bladder called?

Nearly 90% of bladder cancer is known as transitional cells cancer or known urothelial cancer. This type of cancer starts in the urothelial cells, which lay inside your Bladder, and the same type of cells can also be found in your urinary tract.

Can smoking cause bladder cancer?

It is one of the first malignancies in which carcinogens are being recognized, as it is one of the most important reasons to cause cancer. And talking about the current situation, smoking cigarettes is one of the most common ways to cause superficial bladder cancer.

Urinary tract infection

One of the most common causes of bladder pain is a urinary tract infection ( UTI ). A UTI occurs when bacteria enter the bladder via the urethra and causes an infection. A UTI can cause symptoms such as pain in the bladder, frequent urination, and a burning sensation during urination.

Incontinence

Some people lose part or all of their ability to control when urine comes out. This is known as incontinence. Though several conditions can cause incontinence, it occurs when the muscles around the urethra relax without warning, resulting in the person leaking urine.

Bladder pain syndrome

Some people may develop a chronic condition known as bladder pain syndrome or interstitial cystitis. The symptoms of bladder pain syndrome are similar to a UTI, but it does not respond to antibiotics like a UTI does. White people assigned female at birth have a higher incidence rate of bladder pain syndrome than other races or sexes.

Bladder stones

Bladder stones are small deposits of minerals that have built up into stone-like shapes inside of the urinary bladder. The deposits may be calcified, but uric acid accounts for at least 50% of formed stones. They often form due to a person having trouble emptying their bladder.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer occurs when cells in the bladder begin to grow out of control. Bladder cancer often causes blood in the urine that can be seen in a urine test. Rare but possible bladder cancer symptoms also include changes in urine frequency and pain while urinating.

Overactive bladder

An overactive bladder is not a medical condition itself. Instead, it is the name given to a group of symptoms. The symptoms often include frequent, urgent need to urinate as well as leaking urine.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus attach to other organs or tissue outside the uterus. When they attach to or around the bladder, it can cause a person to experience bladder pain or other issues related to urination.

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