how fast does bladder cancer spread



Depends: It depends on the type of cancer and stage at the time sof diagnosis. If it is a non-aggressive form, it may take months or sometimes years to recur. If the tumor is very aggressive or advanced at the time of diagnosis, it is much more likely to recur quickly. It depends: There are different types of bladder cancer.

As many as 50% of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer may have occult metastases that become clinically apparent within 5 years of initial diagnosis and around 5% will have distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis. Most patients with overt metastatic disease die within 2 years despite chemotherapy.


What are the early warning signs of bladder cancer?

Mar 10, 2017 · The bladder can hold about half of a liter of urine and expands, but a person usually feels the urge to urinate when the bladder is 25% full. When it is empty, the bladder will contract and become smaller. Due to the bladder’s skill to expand and contract, it’s thought of as a balloon that was muscle.

How dangerous is bladder cancer?

Dec 26, 2011 · Like any other cancer, bladder cancer has three different routes by which it can escape the confines of the bladder. These three are (1) direct extension, (2) lymphatic spread, and (3) vascular spread. 1. Direct extension: As the tumor grows, it may gradually extend through each layer of the bladder wall. Once it has grown through the entire …

What is the cure for bladder cancer?

This includes how deep it’s thought to have grown into the bladder wall and whether it has spread beyond the bladder. Other factors, such as the size of the tumor, how fast the cancer cells are growing (grade), and a person’s overall health and preferences, also affect treatment options. Treating stage 0 bladder cancer

What can happen once bladder cancer start to spread?

When a patient is diagnosed with bladder cancer, healthcare providers may carry out further tests to find out if the bladder cancer cells have spread to other organs or parts of the body. 1,2 Bladder cancer that has spread (metastasized) is called metastatic bladder cancer.Healthcare providers usually use a combination of imaging tests and biopsies to examine the patient and …


Does bladder cancer progress quickly?

They tend to grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less like normal bladder cells. These cancers are more likely to grow and spread.

Where does bladder cancer first spread to?

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

What are the signs that bladder cancer has spread?

The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include:tiredness or weakness.pain when urinating.difficulty urinating or inability to urinate.pain in the lower back on one side of the body.weight loss.swollen feet.bone pain.

How long can you live with bladder cancer that has spread?

Patients who present with metastatic bladder cancer generally have a poor prognosis, surviving only very few months (1). However, some patients may live considerably longer. If a patient is able to withstand palliative chemotherapy, their remaining lifetime may be extended with systemic treatments.

Is a 5 cm bladder tumor large?

CONCLUSIONS: Larger tumor size (>5 cm) is associated with greater length of stay, reoperation, readmission, and death following TURBT. Patients should be counseled appropriately and likely warrant vigilant observation prior to and following hospital discharge.

Is bladder cancer aggressive?

It has not grown in toward the hollow part of the bladder, and it has not spread to the thick layer of muscle or connective tissue of the bladder (Tis, N0, M0). This is always a high-grade cancer (see “Grades,” below) and is considered an aggressive disease because it can lead to muscle-invasive disease.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

How long can you live with untreated bladder cancer?

The median overall survival was 8 months. On multivariable analysis, tumor stage at diagnosis, older age, increased comorbidity, later year of diagnosis, and female gender increased the risk of death. The cancer-specific survival was 11 months (12 months for men; 9 months for women).

Which of the following is usually the first symptom of bladder cancer?

For most people, the first symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, also called hematuria. Sometimes the blood is visible, prompting the patient to visit a doctor.

Are most bladder cancers curable?

What are the most common treatments for bladder cancer? Bladder cancer is highly treatable when it is diagnosed in the early stages.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

Can bladder cancer symptoms come and go?

Symptoms often come and go, and are often not severe. The most common symptoms include the following: Hematuria (blood in the urine) — The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine (hematuria).

Does bladder cancer usually spread?

Bladder cancer often spreads locally or to lymph nodes before spreading distantly, though this is not always the case. The lungs and bones are the most common areas for metastases to develop. When bladder cancer spreads to another area, it is still bladder cancer.

What part of the body does bladder cancer affect?

Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing uncontrollably in the lining of the bladder, which is the hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. These cancerous cells begin to affect the normal function of the bladder and can spread to surrounding organs.

What bones does bladder cancer spread to?

Bone was the initial metastatic site for 25/48 patients (52.1%) and pain was the initial symptoms for 54.2% of patients. The most common locations were pelvis 64.6%, spine 58.3%, rib 20.8%, femur 12.5%, humerus 6.3% and clavicle 6.3%.

When does bladder cancer spread to the lungs?

It’s not uncommon for bladder cancer to metastasize to the lungs, liver or bones. This can cause pain and other symptoms in distant parts of the body. In many cases, metastatic bladder cancer also causes general complications such as fatigue and weight loss.

How Does The Doctor Know I Have Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer might cause symptoms such as: 1. Having trouble peeing 2. Feeling pain when peeing 3. Needing to go more often than normal 4. Seeing…

Tests to Look For Bladder Cancer

Your doctor may do other tests to find out more about the cancer. Some of them are:X-ray: Dye is put into a vein for a special x-ray of the kidneys…

How Serious Is My Cancer?

If you have bladder cancer, the doctor will want to find out how far it has spread. This is called staging. Your doctor will want to find out the s…

What Kind of Treatment Will I Need?

There’s more than one way to treat bladder cancer. You might want to get a second opinion about the best treatment plan for you. Doctors may have d…

What Will Happen After Treatment?

You will be glad when treatment is over. But it’s hard not to worry about cancer coming back. Even when cancer never comes back, people still worry…

Treating Stage 0 Bladder Cancer

Stage 0 bladder cancer includes non-invasive papillary carcinoma (Ta) and flat non-invasive carcinoma (Tis). In either case, the cancer has not inv…

Treating Stage I Bladder Cancer

Stage I bladder cancers have grown into the connective tissue layer of the bladder wall but have not reached the muscle layer.Transurethral resecti…

Treating Stage II Bladder Cancer

These cancers have invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall. Transurethral resection (TURBT) is typically the first treatment for these cancers…

Treating Stage III Bladder Cancer

These cancers have reached the outside of the bladder and might have grown into nearby tissues or organs.Transurethral resection (TURBT) is typical…

Treating Stage IV Bladder Cancer

These cancers have reached the abdominal or pelvic wall (T4b tumors) or have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant parts of the body. Stage IV ca…

Treating Bladder Cancer That Progresses Or Recurs

If cancer continues to grow during treatment (progresses) or comes back (recurs), your treatment options will depend on where and how much the canc…


Where does bladder cancer come from?

Bladder cancers appear almost entirely from the innermost lining of the bladder, so they are referred to as transitional cell or urothelial cancer. This simply means that the cancer started in the lining of the bladder, which can be composed of transitional cells that appear elliptical beneath the microscope.

How many people died from bladder cancer in 2015?

It is projected that in 2015 in the United States, there will be 74,000 new cases of bladder cancer, resulting in 16,000 deaths. It’s the sixth most frequent cancer diagnosis in the United States, being more common in girls and eleventh the third most common in guys. In America, bladder cancer will affect older men more frequently;

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

Other signs of bladder cancer could include increased frequency of urination, a feeling of immediacy to urinate, nocturia (waking up at night due to needing to urinate), pain (burning) with urination, together with the feeling of incomplete bladder emptying. These are due to irritation of the bladder wall by the tumour.


Can bladder cancer cause pain?

In complex instances of bladder cancer, the tumor can in fact obstruct either the entry of urine from your bladder into the bladder or the departure of urine. This causes acute flank pain, illness, and injury to the kidneys.

Can a urine cytology test detect bladder cancer?

On the other hand, the test will not detect all instances of bladder cancer.

Can cancer spread through lymphatic circulation?

By accessing the lymphatic system, cancer can also spread. The lymphatic circulation is a whole circulation system in the body (somewhat like the blood circulatory system) that drains into various lymph nodes. That is called lymphatic spread. Bladder cancer can propagate in this manner.


Can bladder cancer spread to lymph nodes?

Though this really is not always the case, cancers of the bladder normally spread locally or to lymph nodes before spreading distantly through the bloodstream. Bones and the lungs will be the most ordinary sites to be involved, if propagate through the bloodstream does occur.

Where does cancer start?

Cancer can start any place in the body. Cancer that starts in the bladder is called bladder cancer. It starts when cells in the bladder grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body.

What is it called when cancer spreads to the bone?

For instance, cancer cells in the bladder can travel to the bone and grow there. When cancer cells spread, it’s called metastasis . Cancer is always named for the place where it starts. So when bladder cancer spreads to the bone (or any other place), it’s still called bladder cancer.


What is the tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder?

Tubes called ureters connect your kidneys to the bladder. Urine flows through the ureters and into your bladder, where it’s stored. When you urinate (pee), the bladder squeezes the urine out through a tube called the urethra. Bladder cancer usually starts in the lining or inner layer of the bladder wall.

What tests are done to check for bladder cancer?

This might include a rectal exam, during which a gloved finger is put into your rectum. If you are a woman, a pelvic exam might also be done.

What is the test for cancer?

Urine tests: For these tests, you’ll be asked to pee in a cup. Your urine is then tested for cancer cells, blood, or certain proteins (called tumor markers). Cystoscopy: For this exam, a doctor called a urologist looks at the inside of your bladder using a tool called a cystoscope.


What does stage mean in cancer?

The stage describes the growth or spread of the cancer in the place it started. It also tells if the cancer has spread to other organs of your body that are close by or farther away. Your cancer can be stage 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread.

Can removing the bladder cause sexual side effects?

Any type of surgery can have some risks and side effects. For instance, removing the bladder not only changes how your body passes urine, but it can also cause sexual side effects. If you have these or any other problems, let your doctors know. There are ways to help deal with many side effects.

What are the factors that affect cancer treatment?

Other factors, such as the size of the tumor, how fast the cancer cells are growing (grade), and a person’s overall health and preferences, also affect treatment options.


What is stage 0 bladder cancer?

Stage 0 bladder cancer includes non-invasive papillary carcinoma (Ta) and flat non-invasive carcinoma (Tis or carcinoma in situ). In either case, the cancer is only in the inner lining layer of the bladder. It has not invaded (spread deeper into) the bladder wall.

Can bladder cancer be cured?

The outlook for people with stage 0a (non-invasive papillary) bladder cancer is very good. These cancers can be cured with treatment. During long-term follow-up care, more superficial cancers are often found in the bladder or in other parts of the urinary system.

Can stage IV cancer spread to lymph nodes?

These cancers have reached the pelvic or abdominal wall (T4b), may have spread to nearby lymph nodes (any N), and/or have spread to distant parts of the body (M1). Stage IV cancers are very hard to get rid of completely.


How to get rid of stage IV cancer?

The tumor is then rechecked. If it appears to be gone, chemo with or without radiation or cystectomy are options.

What is the first treatment for bladder cancer?

Chemo (with or without radiation) is typically the first treatment when bladder cancer has spread to distant parts of the body (M1). After this treatment the cancer is rechecked. If it looks like it’s gone, a boost of radiation to the bladder may be given or cystectomy might be done.

Does cancer grow back after treatment?

If cancer continues to grow during treatment (progresses) or comes back after treatment (recurs), treatment options will depend on where and how much the cancer has spread, what treatments have already been used, and the patient’s overall health and desire for more treatment.


What is it called when bladder cancer spreads?

1,2 Bladder cancer that has spread ( metastasized) is called metastatic bladder cancer.

How does bladder cancer spread?

It can also spread through the lymph system, by traveling through lymph vessels to lymph nodes in different parts of the body. It can also spread through the body’s blood vessels and form tumors in other parts of the body, …

What is a retrograde pyelogram?

For example, intravenous or retrograde pyelograms are types of x-rays that use a special dye to highlight the organs of the urinary tract. This can make it possible to detect cancer that has spread to the kidneys, ureters, or other parts of the urinary tract.


Can a chest x-ray detect bladder cancer?

If healthcare providers suspect that the bladder cancer may have spread to the patient’s lungs, then a chest x-ray may be used.

What is a CAT scan?

Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scans use computer technology to combine multiple x-rays into a more detailed, three-dimensional image of the inside of the body. To check if bladder cancer has spread, CT scans may be used to create images of the entire urinary tract (including the kidneys) as well as lymph nodes, other organs in the abdomen, and the lungs.

What is a CT scan for bladder cancer?

To check if bladder cancer has spread, CT scans may be used to create images of the entire urinary tract (including the kidneys) as well as lymph nodes, other organs in the abdomen, and the lungs.


What is ultrasound used for?

An ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of the inside of the body, which can be used to see if bladder cancer has spread to the kidneys or areas near the bladder.

What are the different types of bladder cancer?

The two most common types of cancer affecting the bladder are: 1 Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC): Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder starts in the bladder. In a study of 33,761 patients in Norway, transitional cell carcinoma accounted for 95% of bladder cancer cases. 2 2 Non-transitional cell carcinoma: This is a rarer form of bladder cancer, and it includes adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, sarcoma, and small cell carcinoma. 3 In a study examining 125 patients with non-transitional cell bladder cancer, those who were treated with a radical cystectomy and adjuvant treatment had a significantly improved prognosis, which was true for all histological types. 4

How does bladder cancer affect survival?

The factors influencing survival include: 1 Age: Increasing age has been linked to a lower survival rate in people with bladder cancer. 7 2 Sex: A literature review of 27 studies and 23,754 patients found that women had a greater risk for disease recurrence following localized treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. 8 3 Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of recurrence and mortality in people with bladder cancer. 9 4 Recurrence: Recurrence of bladder cancer forebodes a poor prognosis, with a median survival of six months after recurrence. Although people with local recurrence have a slightly better prognosis, those with disease recurrence at local and distant sites perform very poorly.


How long does bladder cancer last?

While bladder cancer is relatively common, the average five-year survival rate is quite high at 76.9%. This rate has improved over the past several years, and a person’s chance of survival is influenced by many factors.

What is the bladder made of?

The bladder is flexible, being made of smooth muscle. It works to collect and then eliminate urine from your body. The bladder’s flexible walls are made perfectly to expand and contract as necessary to hold urine until it is expelled from the body. FatCamera / Getty Images.

What is the relative survival rate?

Survival Rates. Relative survival is an estimate of the percentage of people who would be expected to survive the effects of their cancer. The five-year relative survival rate measures how many people will survive five years or more after being diagnosed.


What is the survival rate for bladder cancer?

For bladder cancer, the five-year relative survival rate when the cancer is at the localized stage is 69.2%. 1. Five-Year Survival Rates by Stage for Bladder Cancer. Stage.

What is the prognosis of bladder cancer?

Prognosis describes how severe a person’s cancer is and their chances of survival. It is influenced by factors that are not reflected in the SEER survival statistics. Chief among them are the type, stage, and grade of bladder cancer. Other factors also contribute.

How does cancer spread?

Cancer can spread through: Tissue. A growing tumor can push through surrounding tissues or into organs. Cancer cells from the primary tumor can break away and form new tumors nearby. The lymph system. Cancer cells from the tumor can enter nearby lymph nodes.


Can prostate cancer grow faster?

Many of these cancers can be effectively treated. And some cancers don’t necessarily grow faster, but are less likely to be detected until they have metastasized.

How does cancer occur?

Normally, new cells replace old or damaged cells as they die off. Sometimes, a cell’s DNA becomes damaged. The immune system can generally control a small number of abnormal cells from further damage to our bodies. Cancer occurs when there are more abnormal cells than the immune system can handle.

Why does cancer happen?

Cancer occurs when there are more abnormal cells than the immune system can handle. Instead of dying, abnormal cells continue to grow and divide, piling up in the form of tumors.


How many types of cancer are there?

There are more than 100 types of cancer named for the tissues or organs where they originate. All have the ability to spread, but some are more aggressive than others. Continue reading to learn how cancer spreads, how it’s staged, and how various treatments work.

What is it called when cancer spreads to another body?

The spread of cancer from where it started to another place is called metastasis. No matter where else in the body it spreads, a cancer is still named for the place it originated. For instance, prostate cancer that has spread to the liver is still prostate cancer, not liver cancer, and treatment will reflect that.

Is prostate cancer a solid tumor?

While solid tumors are a feature of many types of cancer, that’s not always the case. For example, leukemias are cancers of the blood that doctors refer to as “liquid tumors.”.


How long do people with bladder cancer live?

Overall, 70 to 90 percent of people with localized bladder cancer will live for at least five years or more . The physician calculates this with the help of survival rates. Survival rates indicate the percentage of people who live with a certain type of cancer for a specific time. The physician often uses an overall five-year survival rate.

What is the treatment for bladder cancer?

Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.

What is SEER in cancer?

The surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) stages are taken from the SEER database, maintained by the National Cancer Institute. SEER database groups cancers into localized, regional, and distant stages.


Is bladder cancer treatable?

Thus, bladder cancer, if detected in the early stage is treatable and has higher survival rates. However, if the cancer is detected in the advanced stages, treatment becomes difficult and the survival rate is low.

What is the difference between high grade and low grade bladder cancer?

Low-grade cancers: Less aggressive cancers have a low chance of becoming high grade and do not require aggressive treatments, such as radiation or bladder removal.

What is the procedure to remove bladder cancer?

Tumors in the bladder muscle: In case of bladder cancer that has invaded the muscle wall but hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes, the physician recommends radical cystectomy. In this procedure, the physician removes the bladder, nearby lymph nodes and other nearby organs.


What is the first line of treatment for metastatic bladder cancer?

Then, the physician may perform a radical cystectomy to remove cancer that has invaded beyond the bladder wall. Metastatic bladder cancer: Platinum-based chemotherapy is the first line of treatment for this type of bladder cancer.

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