is bladder cancer serious

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Bladder cancer can be benign or malignant. Malignant bladder cancer may be life threatening, as it can spread quickly. Without treatment, it can damage tissues and organs. In this article, we cover everything you need to know about bladder cancer, including types, symptoms, causes, and treatments.Aug 19, 2019

Symptoms

 · How serious is my cancer? If bladder cancer is found, certain features of the cancer cells help the doctor know how best to treat it: Invasiveness. Tests can show how deeply the cancer has grown into the bladder wall. If the cancer stays in the inner layer of cells without growing into the outer layers, it’s called non-invasive.

Causes

 · Varies: Some bladder cancers are highly aggressive and can result in patient death, especially those that invade the muscle of the bladder or metastasize to lymph nodes. However other bladder cancers are noninvasive and low grade. These tend to recur in the bladder but often do not kill the patient if they are managed appropriately.

Prevention

Symptoms of advanced bladder cancer. Bladder cancers that have grown large or have spread to other parts of the body can sometimes cause other symptoms, such as: Being unable to urinate; Lower back pain on one side; Loss of appetite and weight loss; Feeling tired or weak; Swelling in the feet; Bone pain

Complications

The long-term outlook for stage 0is (flat non-invasive) bladder cancer is not as good as for stage 0a cancers. These cancers have a higher risk of coming back, and may return as a more serious cancer that’s growing into deeper layers of the bladder or has spread to other tissues. Treating stage I bladder cancer

Why is bladder cancer so dangerous?

The specific approach can vary based on a number of individual factors, such as the stage and location of the tumor. Some procedures, such as a radical cystectomy (the complete removal of the bladder), are more extensive – and therefore considered to be more serious – than others, such as a less invasive transurethral tumor resection. However, the goal of surgery is always …

What is the life expectancy for bladder cancer?

A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of bladder cancer to people in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of bladder cancer is 90%, it means that people who have that cancer are, on average, about 90% as likely as people who don’t have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.

How dangerous is bladder cancer?

 · Bladder cancer has a tendency to recur, so when treatment ends, you’re still considered at high risk. Some people with superficial bladder cancer experience frequent recurrences throughout their…

Is cancer of the bladder life threatening?

 · Every year, there are around 81,400 new cases of bladder cancer, of which nearly 18,000 are fatal. In 2019, around 4.6% of all new cancer cases were bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer among men, …

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Is bladder cancer treatable if caught early?

Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early-stage tumors, so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

They tend to grow and spread slowly. High-grade bladder cancers look less like normal bladder cells. These cancers are more likely to grow and spread.

Is the survival rate of bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%.

How long can you live after bladder cancer?

Survival for all stages of bladder cancer almost 55 out of every 100 (almost 55%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they are diagnosed. around 45 out of every 100 (around 45%) survive their cancer for 10 years or more after diagnosis.

What are the warning signs of bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer: Symptoms and SignsBlood or blood clots in the urine.Pain or burning sensation during urination.Frequent urination.Feeling the need to urinate many times throughout the night.Feeling the need to urinate, but not being able to pass urine.Lower back pain on 1 side of the body.

What is usually the first symptom of bladder cancer?

In most cases, blood in the urine (called hematuria) is the first sign of bladder cancer. There may be enough blood to change the color of the urine to orange, pink, or, less often, dark red.

Can you live 10 years with bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer survival rates by stage According to the American Cancer Society , the relative survival rates for all stages of bladder cancer are: 5 years: 77 percent. 10 years: 70 percent. 15 years: 65 percent.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking. Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

Are most bladder cancers curable?

What are the most common treatments for bladder cancer? Bladder cancer is highly treatable when it is diagnosed in the early stages.

What are the odds of beating bladder cancer?

5-year relative survival rates for bladder cancerSEER Stage5-year Relative Survival RateIn situ alone Localized96% 70%Regional38%Distant6%All SEER stages combined77%Mar 1, 2022

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

Where does bladder cancer spread first?

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

Where is the first place bladder cancer spreads?

When bladder cancer spreads, it first invades the bladder wall, which is made up of four distinct layers. It can take some time for cancer to penetrate all of these layers, but once it has, it can then spread into the surrounding fatty tissues and lymph nodes.

How fast does high grade bladder cancer spread?

T1Hg bladder cancer progresses to muscle-invasive or metastatic disease at a rate of 30% to 50% after 5 years. As a result, some studies advocate initial cystectomy based on the perceived acceptable morbidity and a 5-year disease-specific survival rate of 80% to 90%.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

Where does bladder cancer usually metastasize?

Not all bladder cancers will spread. But If it does it’s most likely to spread to the structures close to the bladder, such as the ureters, urethra, prostate, vagina, or into the pelvis. This is called local spread. Bladder cancer can also spread to another part of the body.

Treating Stage 0 Bladder Cancer

Stage 0 bladder cancer includes non-invasive papillary carcinoma (Ta) and flat non-invasive carcinoma (Tis). In either case, the cancer has not inv…

Treating Stage I Bladder Cancer

Stage I bladder cancers have grown into the connective tissue layer of the bladder wall but have not reached the muscle layer.Transurethral resecti…

Treating Stage II Bladder Cancer

These cancers have invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall. Transurethral resection (TURBT) is typically the first treatment for these cancers…

Treating Stage III Bladder Cancer

These cancers have reached the outside of the bladder and might have grown into nearby tissues or organs.Transurethral resection (TURBT) is typical…

Treating Stage IV Bladder Cancer

These cancers have reached the abdominal or pelvic wall (T4b tumors) or have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant parts of the body. Stage IV ca…

Treating Bladder Cancer That Progresses Or Recurs

If cancer continues to grow during treatment (progresses) or comes back (recurs), your treatment options will depend on where and how much the canc…

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What type of cancer is a bladder cancer?

Types of bladder cancer include: Urothelial carcinoma. Urothelial carcinoma , previously called transitional cell carcinoma, occurs in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Urothelial cells expand when your bladder is full and contract when your bladder is empty.

What is the most common type of bladder cancer?

Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is associated with chronic irritation of the bladder — for instance, from an infection or from long-term use of a urinary catheter. Squamous cell bladder cancer is rare in the United States.

What is the male urinary system?

Male urinary system. Your urinary system — which includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — removes waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located in the rear portion of your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. Bladder cancer is a common type …

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Why are men more likely to get bladder cancer than women?

Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women are. Exposure to certain chemicals. Your kidneys play a key role in filtering harmful chemicals from your bloodstream and moving them into your bladder. Because of this, it’s thought that being around certain chemicals may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

How do you know if you have bladder cancer?

Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include: Blood in urine (hematuria), which may cause urine to appear bright red or cola colored, though sometimes the urine appears normal and blood is detected on a lab test. Frequent urination. Painful urination. Back pain.

How does bladder cancer develop?

Bladder cancer develops when cells in the bladder begin to grow abnormally, forming a tumor in the bladder. Bladder cancer begins when cells in the bladder develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do.

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Where does bladder cancer start?

Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine. Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) …

What is the most common cause of bladder cancer?

It is a malignant condition that requires surgery to diagnose and as an initial form of therapy. Smoking is the most common risk factor for bladder cancer.

What is the function of the bladder?

The bladder collects: And eliminates waste produced by kidneys. The lining cells are suceptible to toxins, and those from cigarette smoking can cause the cells to mutate, become visibly abnormal, and tehn invade, and possibly metastasize.

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Can bladder cancer kill you?

Varies: Some bladder cancers are highly aggressive and can result in patient death, especially those that invade the muscle of the bladder or metastasize to lymph nodes. However other bladder cancers are noninvasive and low grade. These tend to recur in the bladder but often do not kill the patient if they are managed appropriately.

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

Being unable to urinate. Lower back pain on one side. Loss of appetite and weight loss. Feeling tired or weak. Swelling in the feet. Bone pain. Again, many of these symptoms are more likely to be caused by something other than bladder cancer, but it’s important to have them checked.

Why is bladder cancer so early?

Bladder cancer can often be found early because it causes blood in the urine or other urinary symptoms that cause a person to see a health care provider.

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How long does urine stay clear after bladder cancer?

Blood may be present one day and absent the next, with the urine remaining clear for weeks or even months. But if a person has bladder cancer, at some point the blood reappears.

Can bladder cancer cause a change in urination?

Bladder cancer can sometimes cause changes in urination, such as: Having to urinate more often than usual. Pain or burning during urination. Feeling as if you need to go right away, even when your bladder isn’t full. Having trouble urinating or having a weak urine stream.

What is the first treatment for bladder cancer?

Chemo (with or without radiation) is typically the first treatment when bladder cancer has spread to distant parts of the body (M1). After this treatment the cancer is rechecked. If it looks like it’s gone, a boost of radiation to the bladder may be given or cystectomy might be done.

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What is stage 0 bladder cancer?

Stage 0 bladder cancer includes non-invasive papillary carcinoma (Ta) and flat non-invasive carcinoma (Tis or carcinoma in situ). In either case, the cancer is only in the inner lining layer of the bladder. It has not invaded (spread deeper into) the bladder wall.

What to do if you have cancer that hasn’t been removed?

(Less often, close follow-up alone might be an option.) If all of the cancer wasn’t removed, options are intravesical BCG or cystectomy (removal of part or all of the bladder).

How to get rid of stage IV cancer?

The tumor is then rechecked. If it appears to be gone, chemo with or without radiation or cystectomy are options.

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What is the treatment for cancer that recurs in distant parts of the body?

Cancers that recur in distant parts of the body can be harder to remove with surgery, so other treatments, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or radiation therapy , might be needed. For more on dealing with a recurrence, see Understanding Recurrence.

Can you get a radical cystectomy before surgery?

Radical cystectomy may be the only treatment for people who are not well enough to get chemo. But most doctors prefer to give chemo before surgery because it’s been shown to help patients live longer than surgery alone. When chemo is given first, surgery is delayed. This is not a problem if the chemo shrinks the bladder cancer, but it might be harmful if the tumor continues to grow during chemo.

Can you get a partial cystectomy for bladder cancer?

Lymph nodes near the bladder are often removed as well. If cancer is in only one part of the bladder, a partial cystectomy may be done instead. But this is possible in only a small number of patients . Radical cystectomy may be the only treatment for people who are not well enough to get chemo.

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How to treat bladder cancer?

Surgery is a commonly recommended treatment for bladder cancer. The specific approach can vary based on a number of individual factors, such as the stage and location of the tumor. Some procedures, such as a radical cystectomy (the complete removal of the bladder), are more extensive – and therefore considered to be more serious – than others, such as a less invasive transurethral tumor resection. However, the goal of surgery is always the same: to remove as much of the cancer as possible.

What is the best treatment for bladder cancer?

Surgery is a commonly recommended treatment for bladder cancer. The specific approach can vary based on a number of individual factors, such as the stage and location of the tumor.

How to contact Moffitt for bladder cancer surgery?

If you’d like to learn more about bladder cancer surgery, you can contact Moffitt by calling 1-888-663-3488 or completing our new patient registration form online. No referrals are necessary.

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What is a surgeon’s job after a bladder is removed?

Urinary reconstruction and diversion – A surgeon creates a new way for the body to store and pass urine after the bladder has been completely removed.

How long do you live with bladder cancer?

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.

What is the relative survival rate of bladder cancer?

A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of bladder cancer to people in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of bladder cancer is 90%, it means that people who have that cancer are, on average, about 90% as likely as people who don’t have …

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Where does bladder cancer spread?

Regional: The cancer has spread from the bladder to nearby structures or lymph nodes.

Is bladder cancer better treated?

People now being diagnosed with bladder cancer may have a better outlook than these numbers show. Treatments improve over time, and these numbers are based on people who were diagnosed and treated at least five years earlier.

Do the numbers apply to cancer?

These numbers apply only to the stage of the cancer when it is first diagnosed. They do not apply later on if the cancer grows, spreads, or comes back after treatment.

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Can you predict cancer survival?

Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had a specific cancer, but they can’t predict what will happen in any particular person’s case. These statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Talk with your doctor about how these numbers may apply to you, as he or she is familiar with your situation.

Does SEER show cancer?

Instead, it groups cancers into localized, regional, and distant stages : Localized: There is no sign that the cancer has spread outside of the bladder.

How long do you live with bladder cancer?

This figure conveys the percentage of people with bladder cancer who are likely to live at least five years after diagnosis compared to those who don’t have bladder cancer. Survival rates don’t specify if survivors are in remission …

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How long does bladder cancer last?

Bladder cancer survival rates by stage. According to the American Cancer Society, the relative survival rates for all stages of bladder cancer are: 5 years: 77 percent. 10 years: 70 percent. 15 years: 65 percent. When you look at the five-year survival rates broken down by stage, you get a clearer picture of why stage matters.

How to prevent bladder cancer from recurring?

It’s not clear if there’s anything you can do to prevent bladder cancer from recurring. Recurrence can be treated, especially when localized, so it’s important to: see your doctor regularly. adhere to a follow-up schedule of lab tests or imaging tests as advised. report signs and symptoms of bladder cancer right away.

What percentage of cancer is stage 2?

Stage 2: 63 percent . Stage 3: 46 percent. Stage 4: 15 percent. Survival rates by stage are based on stage at diagnosis. Another important factor for outlook is the tumor grade. The grade represents how quickly the cancer is likely to grow and spread.

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What are the factors that affect your outlook on cancer?

As for your own outlook, there are quite a few variables to consider. In addition to cancer stage and tumor grade, your age and general health may play a role. The therapies you and your doctor choose and how quickly you start treatment will also affect your outlook. Additionally, not everyone responds to a particular treatment the same way.

How long do people live after cancer?

But they can’t tell you much about your individual outlook. One key thing to keep in mind is the type of statistic you’re looking at. A five-year survival rate, for example, reflects the percentage of people who live at least five years after diagnosis.

Is bladder cancer a high risk disease?

Bladder cancer has a tendency to recur, so when treatment ends, you’re still considered at high risk. Some people with superficial bladder cancer experience frequent recurrences throughout their lives. In general, the prognosis is worse. when recurrence involves distant tissues, organs, or lymph nodes.

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How many cases of bladder cancer are there in 2019?

Is Bladder Cancer Curable? Every year, there are around 81,400 new cases of bladder cancer, of which nearly 18,000 are fatal. In 2019, around 4.6% of all new cancer cases were bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer among men, and ninth overall.

How long does bladder cancer last?

A particular stage of bladder cancer, for example, may have a 90% five-year relative survival rate. The 90% figure comes from dividing the percentage of people with cancer who are alive after five years by the percentage of people without the disease who are also alive after five years.

What is a CXbladder test?

Cxbladder is a clinically proven cutting-edge genomic urine test that quickly and accurately detects or rules out bladder cancer in patients presenting with blood in the urine (or hematuria) and those being monitored for recurrence. The test works at a molecular level, measuring five biomarker genes to detect the presence or absence of bladder cancer.

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How long does it take for a CXbladder test to show results?

Cxbladder is discreet, quick, non-invasive and painless, typically giving you meaningful results within five working days.

How can bladder cancer be classified?

Bladder cancer tumors can be classified further based on the way cancer cells look when viewed through a microscope, given this then dictates how they behave. The appearance of the cells contributes to “tumor grade” classification.

What is the survival rate for bladder cancer?

The five-year relative survival rates for all bladder cancer stages is 77%. Breaking the five-year survival rates down by stage gives you a more detailed picture and illustrates why tracking stage is useful. Between 2008 and 2014, the five-year relative survival rates were:

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Which tumor has a higher chance of spreading to the bladder’s muscular wall and other organs and tissues?

High-grade tumors grow more aggressively than low-grade tumors and have a higher chance of spreading to the bladder’s muscular wall and other organs and tissues. Low-grade bladder tumor: A type of tumor with cells closer in organization and appearance to healthy cells.

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